MORAES-FILHO, Joaquim Prado P et al. IMPACT OF HEARTBURN AND REGURGITATION ON INDIVIDUALS’ WELL-BEING IN THE GENERAL POPULATION: A BRAZILIAN NATIONAL SURVEY. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2021, vol.58, n.1, pp.5-9. Epub Apr 23, 2021. ISSN 1678-4219. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0004-2803.202100000-03.
Heartburn and acid regurgitation are typical symptoms usually associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD is one of the gastrointestinal diagnosis with higher prevalence worldwide, significantly impairing patients’ quality of life.
The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of GERD-related symptoms in the Brazilian urban population.
National telephone survey with community-dwelling Brazilian individuals. Self-reported prevalence and frequency of symptoms (heartburn / regurgitation) were assessed. Individuals rated the impact of symptoms in their general well-being using a numeric scale from 1 to 10 (1 = no impact; 10 = very intense, preventing the person to eat and perform daily routine activities). Descriptive and bivariate statistical analyses were performed.
The final sample was comprised of 1,773 subjects, 935 (52.7%) females, an average of 40 years old. The prevalence of heartburn and regurgitation in the past 6 months was 26.2% (n=466) and 11.0% (n=196), respectively. Women presented higher prevalence (heartburn n=266, 28.5% and regurgitation n=119, 12.7%) than men (n=200, 23.1% and n=78, 8.9%, respectively) (P<0.05). Heartburn in the past week was reported by 175 individuals (9.8%), while regurgitation episodes by 67 (3.8%). Absence of impact of the symptom in the overall well-being was observed for 82 subjects (17.6%) with heartburn and 18 individuals (9.2%) with regurgitation. Very intense impact was reported by 46 subjects (9.8%) with heartburn and 41 (20.9%) with regurgitation. Women’s well-being was more affected than men’s (mean score 5.45 vs 4.71, P<0.05).
Heartburn and regurgitation were frequent symptoms, women with higher prevalence. These symptoms led to a substantial impact on individuals’ well-being, women being more affected.
Keywords : Gastroesophageal reflux; Heartburn; Quality of life; Prevalence; Signs and symptoms; Surveys and questionnaires.