Tustumi F, Takeda FR, Brandão AAGS, Sallum RAA, Ribeiro Junior U, Cecconello I.
Background – Biomarkers from routine complete blood count are known predictive factors of long-term outcomes in cancer patients. The value of these biomarkers in the setting of trimodal therapy for esophageal cancer in predicting early postoperative outcomes is not studied. Objective – The present study evaluated the value of cellular blood components changes during neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by curative intent esophagectomy for cancer in predicting postoperative mortality and morbidity.
Methods – A cohort of 149 consecutive patients that underwent chemoradiotherapy using platinum- and taxane-based regimens followed by esophagectomy was analyzed. Cellular components of blood collected before neoadjuvant therapy (period A) and before surgery (period B) were assessed for postoperative mortality and complications. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were applied to evaluate the independent prognostic significance of blood count variables.
Results – Postoperative morbidity was present in 46% of the patients. On multiple regression analysis platelet volume (B) (OR: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.2-2.33) was an independent predictor of general complications. Severe postoperative surgical complications were present in 17% of the patients. On multiple regression analysis, lymphocyte decrease between B-A periods (OR: 0.992; 95% CI: 0.990-0.997) was related to higher risk for severe complications. Cervical anastomotic leakage was present in 25.6% of the patients. On univariate analysis eosinophil count in A and B periods was related to cervical anastomotic leakage. For this outcome, multivariate joint model could not identify independent risk variables of cellular components of blood. The 30-day mortality rate was 7.4%. On univariate analysis, platelet count in period B was associated to higher risk for mortality. The multivariate joint model could not accurately predict mortality due to the few number of patients in the mortality group.
Conclusion – This is the first study to assess the relationship between peripheral blood count variables changes during neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy using a platinum- and taxane-based regimen followed by curative intent esophagectomy for cancer in predicting postoperative complications. The platelet volume prior to surgery is related to postoperative complications and the lymphocyte count change prior to surgery predicts severe postoperative complications in the setting of trimodal therapy for esophageal cancer.
HEADINGS – Esophageal neoplasms. Neoadjuvant therapy. Blood cells. Leukocytes. Blood platelets. Lymphocytes. Neutrophils.